VoIP stands for voice over internet protocol, and it’s also known as IP Telephony. It is a method of delivering voice messages and multimedia sessions through the Internet Protocol networks – meaning the Internet. The term IP telephony also stands for the delivery of voice, fax, SMS, voice messages through the Internet rather than via telephone network.
Difference between VoIP Telephone Services and PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network)
Ultimately, the end result between the VoIP telephone services and the public switched telephone network is the same – you get to communicate your message, be it an audio or text-based. However, the VoIP telephone calls are digitalizing the analog voice signals and encoding. This is the more modern version of communication which might soon completely replace the traditional telephone network.
Availability and Usage
The VoIP is adopted by most smartphones, personal computers and generally on all Internet devices. If you can send SMS text messages via 3G or 4G network or your Wi-Fi connection, this means your phone has the voice over Internet protocol. There are other second-generation providers that offer a closed network for their private users such as Skype. Skype charges a certain amount of money, and in return, it gives the user the opportunity to make calls via the public switched telephone network. So basically Skype bridges the gap between VoIP and PSTN. Other third-party services include the Google Talk, which has adopted the federated VoIP which allows dynamic interconnection between users on both ends of VoIP and PSTN who wish to make a connection.
It is becoming very common nowadays for phone company providers to integrate VoIP in their services against a monthly flat fee (most commonly). They interconnect with telephony network providers. The mass-market VoIP was introduced somewhere around 2004 which kick-started a major development and integration in our daily lives. Subscribers are able to place and receive telephone calls in much the same manner as they would with a normal telephone connection. If both users that want to connect with a phone call are on the same company provider than usually, there is no charging for the phone talk or SMS text message. This also can include international calls in between countries.
Cost – Things to Consider
VoIP has proven to be lower cost than traditional telephone services, and as a result, many corporations and users, in general, have considered replacing the copper wire telephone network with the Internet. As VoIP allows both data communications and voice to run over a single network, this significantly reduces the cost of infrastructure. VoIP switches are utilized on computers, and they are already available to corporations in most cases. So the investment shrinks significantly.
In 2008, 80% of the new private exchange branch lines worldwide were VoIP. A statistic which proves, that our traditional method of communication is slowly disappearing.
However, for most users, this doesn’t make a big difference as they are still getting connected easily. Whether it’s through the phone or computer, When we buy homes in new a location VoIP helps us a lot. it doesn’t seem to make a big difference nowadays.